Eye Flu
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Understanding Eye Flu: Causes, Symptoms, and Home Remedies

Eye flu, medically known as viral conjunctivitis, is an inflammation of the conjunctiva, the transparent membrane covering the white part of the eye and the inner eyelids. It’s a condition that can cause discomfort, redness, and a gritty sensation in the eyes, often leading to increased sensitivity and sometimes blurred vision. Understanding the symptoms and causes of eye flu is crucial for prompt treatment and prevention of its spread.

Recognizing the Symptoms of Eye Flu

The symptoms of eye flu can vary from mild to severe and usually affect both eyes. Common signs include:

Eye Flu
Red Eye
  • Redness in the eyes, resembling a bloodshot appearance, caused by the inflammation and irritation of the conjunctiva.
  • Increased tear production, leading to watery eyes, is the body’s natural response to irritation or infection.
  • Itching and irritation in the eyes, often described as a gritty or burning sensation.
  • Discharge from the eyes that can be watery or, in bacterial infections, thicker and yellow or greenish, leading to crusts that form overnight.
  • Sensitivity to light, a common discomfort associated with eye flu, making bright environments particularly challenging.

Causes Behind Eye Flu

Eye Flu
Bacterial infections

Eye flu is primarily caused by viral infections, particularly adenoviruses, which are also responsible for sore throats and colds. However, other factors can also contribute to the condition:

  • Bacterial infections, although less common, can lead to a more severe form of conjunctivitis, characterized by significant discharge and potentially more serious complications.
  • Environmental factors and allergies can mimic or exacerbate the symptoms of eye flu, with pollutants, chlorine in swimming pools, and seasonal allergens causing similar irritation.

Prevention Strategies for Eye Flu

Eye Flu
Eye Flu

Preventing eye flu involves a combination of personal hygiene and environmental adjustments:

  • Regular hand washing and avoiding touching the face and eyes can significantly reduce the risk of transmission.
  • Using personal towels, bedding, and eye care items can help prevent the spread of infections within households.
  • Maintaining a clean and dust-free environment, especially during allergy seasons, can help reduce irritation and the risk of eye flu.

Treatment Options for Eye Flu

Eye Flu
tea bags

Treatment for eye flu largely depends on its cause:

  1. Warm Compress: Applying a warm compress to the affected eye can help soothe discomfort and reduce inflammation. Dip a clean cloth in warm water, wring out excess water, and place it gently over your closed eyelid for a few minutes.
  2. Cool Compress: Similarly, a cool compress can help relieve itching and swelling. Use a clean cloth soaked in cold water or chilled artificial tears and apply it to the closed eyelid for a few minutes.
  3. Saline Solution: Rinse your eyes with a saline solution to help flush out any irritants and keep your eyes clean. You can purchase saline solution from a pharmacy or make your own by mixing 1 teaspoon of salt in 1 cup of warm water.
  4. Honey and Water: Some people find relief by using a mixture of honey and water as eye drops. Mix one teaspoon of raw, organic honey in one cup of warm water. Let it cool, and then use it as eye drops, putting a few drops into each eye several times a day.
  5. Cucumber Slices: Chilled cucumber slices can provide a soothing effect on irritated eyes. Place thinly sliced, refrigerated cucumber slices over your closed eyelids for about 10-15 minutes.
  6. Tea Bags: Used tea bags (chamomile or green tea) that have been cooled in the refrigerator can help reduce inflammation and soothe the eyes. Place them over your closed eyelids for around 10-15 minutes.
  7. Stay Hydrated: Drink plenty of water to stay hydrated, which can help flush out toxins from your body and promote faster recovery.
  8. Clean Environment: Keep your surroundings clean to prevent the spread of the virus. Wash your hands frequently and avoid sharing towels, pillows, or other items that may come into contact with your eyes.

Eye flu can temporarily impact daily activities, making tasks that require visual focus uncomfortable. It’s essential to address common myths, such as the belief that eye flu is always a minor issue, by understanding its potential for complications.

Special considerations should be given to children and the elderly, who may be more susceptible to infections and complications. In these populations, preventive measures and prompt treatment are particularly important.

What are the reasons of eye flu?

Eye Flu
Poor Hygiene

“Eye flu,” or viral conjunctivitis, is typically caused by a viral infection, most commonly adenovirus. However, other viruses such as herpes simplex virus, varicella-zoster virus, picornavirus, and others can also lead to conjunctivitis. Here are some common reasons for contracting viral conjunctivitis:

  1. Direct Contact with an Infected Person: Viral conjunctivitis is highly contagious and can spread through direct contact with an infected person’s eye secretions or respiratory droplets.
  2. Touching Contaminated Surfaces: Touching surfaces contaminated with the virus, such as doorknobs, towels, or shared items like makeup brushes, and then touching your eyes can lead to infection.
  3. Poor Hygiene: Not washing hands regularly, especially before touching the eyes, can increase the risk of viral conjunctivitis transmission.
  4. Swimming Pools: Viral conjunctivitis can spread through swimming pools or hot tubs contaminated with infected water.
  5. Close Contact Settings: Settings where people are in close proximity, such as schools, daycare centers, hospitals, and offices, can facilitate the spread of viral conjunctivitis.
  6. Compromised Immune System: Individuals with weakened immune systems due to factors such as underlying health conditions, medications, or stress may be more susceptible to viral infections, including conjunctivitis.
  7. Seasonal Variation: Viral conjunctivitis may be more common during certain seasons, such as spring and fall, although it can occur at any time of the year.


Eye flu is a common condition that, while often mild, requires attention and appropriate care. Recognizing its symptoms and understanding its causes are the first steps toward effective treatment and prevention. By adopting preventive measures and seeking timely medical advice when necessary, individuals can protect their eye health and minimize the impact of eye flu on their quality of life.

If you have any queries related to medical health, consult Subhash Goyal or his team members on this given no +91 99150 72372, +91 99150 99575, +918283060000

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